The Core Issue: Xi'an Institute of Optics and Precision Mechanics strives for self-reliant technological breakthroughs


The Xi'an Institute of Optics and Precision Mechanics has achieved a series of scientific breakthroughs since Xi Jinping visited the center nearly a decade ago. During the trip, China's president stressed the importance of greater self-reliance in technological research. In today's episode of "The Core Issue", Dai Kaiyi visits the institute and talks to the resident scientists about their work. 

Yao Baoli and his team from the Xi'an Institute of Optics and Precision Mechanics are using the latest technology to explore the microscopic world.

YAO BAOLI Xi'an Institute of Optics and Precision Mechanics of CAS "It's impossible for us to use an optical microscope to observe something infinitely small. 'Can we break through this limit?' That's the question we're currently researching. Our goal is to find new ways, using optical methods, to see even smaller cells and delve into the world of biological molecules."

In their quest for cutting-edge technological advancements, Yao and his team understand the imperative of self-reliance. It was a directive from China's President Xi Jinping during his visit to the institute eight years ago.

DAI KAIYI Xi'an, Shaanxi Province "During his visit here in 2015, Chinese President Xi Jinping said, 'Relying on handouts won't bring about core technological advancements; it's essential to strive for self-reliance.' A guiding principle for the researchers here, and a big reason why China is shifting into high-gear in innovation."

YAO BAOLI Xi'an Institute of Optics and Precision Mechanics of CAS "Over these past eight years, we have held steadfast to the instructions of our General Secretary. We have actively pursued advancements at the forefront of global science and addressed critical national needs. One such example is our research on high-precision quantitative phase imaging technology, which not only contributes to our country's space exploration efforts but has also been successfully deployed in two devices aboard the Mengtian Lab Module."

While Yao Boli and his team are working to uncover the tiniest secrets of the world, Fu Yuxi and his team at the Attosecond Lab are delving into the realms of time, seeking to capture the fleeting moments that pass in the blink of an eye.

FU YUXI Xi'an Institute of Optics and Precision Mechanics of CAS "This is a typical example of an attosecond streak camera. Our team has taken charge of its design, development, and performance testing enhancements. With this technology in hand, we can now observe ultra-short laser pulses and capture super-fast processes, much like those found in the realm of at to seconds."

In Fu Yuxi's view, to create something truly groundbreaking, it takes specialist skills and top-of-the-line equipment. He believes it's essential to rely on his own team's determination and expertise to overcome challenges along the way.

FU YUXI Xi'an Institute of Optics and Precision Mechanics of CAS"Our continuous efforts are driven by the pursuit of an independent and self-reliant approach to scientific research, ensuring that we have full control over critical technologies and essential equipment."

Guo Huinan and his team are embarking on a similar journey, unlocking possibilities on Earth and in space. The imaging and monitoring devices they have developed ensure safety, reliability, and precise measurements during space flight. In essence, it's like giving the spacecraft a pair of human eyes.

GUO HUINAN Xi'an Institute of Optics and Precision Mechanics of CAS "Independently developed and produced by China, the equipment used in space experiments in a microgravity environment is propelling our crucial experimental activities in deep space exploration, as well as future missions to the Moon and Mars."

ZHAO JIANKE Xi'an Institute of Optics and Precision Mechanics of CAS "Eight years ago, I had the privilege of being present as the General Secretary visited our institute and delivered a significant speech. It was a moment that deeply resonated with me, highlighting the crucial role of innovation-driven development in the General Secretary's vision. A sense of responsibility and mission for this new era was instilled within me."

The Institute is committed to doing its part in more national space missions, working to accomplish new breakthroughs in its field.

DAI KAIYI Xi'an, Shaanxi Province "Here at this institute, groundbreaking research is pushing the boundaries of areas like optical microscopy and space exploration. With these achievements, professionals are answering the call from the Chinese president to be self-dependent on technological research, and sustain that innovative mentality. Dai Kaiyi, CGTN, in Xi'an, Shaanxi Province."